Shwartzman, Nachum (Nunik)
Nachum, the son of Fruma and Yosef, was born in 1926 in Poland, in the district of Ludmir in the western district of Volhynia, grew up in his hometown, completed seven classes in an elementary school, September 1939, the Soviet Union was annexed to the Soviet Union, and when the alliance between Hitler and Stalin was breached, the Nazis took control of the place, and in June 1941 a Judenrat was established and a duty was declared. Divided between the productive, the fit for work, and the unhelpful Demir, about 18,000 Jews, who were murdered in November 1942 and remained in the ghetto only about 500. By the end of 1942, almost all of Ludmor’s Jews had been exterminated: Nachum’s parents were among those murdered in the ghetto, And from 1946 to December 1947 he worked in the “Aderet” factory, from the weaving of a knitted wool and a weaving factory in Tel Aviv. In 1948 Nahum joined the Irgun (Irgun Zvai Leumi) and took part in the organization’s activities against the British In 1948, Nachum enlisted in the Givati Brigade, number 5. He was assigned to the 53rd Battalion (“the Suburbs”) and took part in the fierce battles waged by the Brigade against the invader The Egyptian and the Jordanian, in which he expressed the experience and knowledge he had acquired during his service in the Irgun. In July 1948, he participated in a battle in Crete in Operation Death to the Intruder. In Operation Death to the Intruder, at the end of the first truce in the war, a great effort was made to conquer the strip of Egyptian fortifications erected across the Negev, which cut it off from the Lev of the nascent State of Israel. Cretia was a small Arab village located in the northern Negev (today the moshavim area). In its territory, the Egyptian invasion army built fortified compounds as part of a large line of fortifications that connected the Egyptian invasion route to the coastal area of Hebron. On the morning of the 11th of Tammuz 5708 (18.7.1948) the Israeli forces succeeded in conquering Crete. At the time of repelling the Egyptian counterattack, Nahum was killed. Although the road to the Negev was not completely breached during Operation Death to the Intruder, thanks to the stubborn fighting of Nahum and his comrades, an important Israeli outpost was achieved. This outpost helped greatly to break the road to the besieged Negev later in Operation “Yoav” in October 1948. Nahum was twenty-two years old in his fall. He was laid to rest in the military cemetery in Be’er Tuvia. This hero is a “last scion”. The survivors of the Holocaust are survivors of the Holocaust who survived the last remnant of their nuclear family (parents, brothers, sisters, sons and daughters) who experienced the Holocaust in the ghettos and / or concentration camps and / or in hiding and hiding in territories occupied by the Nazis and / Or in combat alongside members of the underground movements or partisans in the Nazi-occupied territories who immigrated to Israel during or after World War II, wore uniforms and fell in the Israeli army.