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Yizraelovich, Yitzhak

Yizraelovich, Yitzhak


Yitzhak, the son of Mecla and Avraham, was born in 1923 in Poland, in the city of Kalisz, in the Lodz District, where he was raised by his father, and after his studies in elementary school he began to work as a metalworker. , And a member of the Hashomer Hatzair movement on the eve of World War II A thriving Jewish community of about 3.5 million people lived on the eve of World War II On September 1, 1939, the war broke out with the German invasion of Poland and its conquest in the Blitzkrieg War. And anti-Jewish regulations that led to the social isolation of the Jews, their economic deprivation, and the undermining of all their systems of life. In October 1939, a month after the occupation of Poland, an organ was organized in the city of the Judenrat, and in November about 10,000 Jews were concentrated in the municipal market area and from there were deported to the German administration. , And some of them were deported to Galicia, where they were interned in ghettos and labor camps, and until 1943 most of the ghettos and camps were liquidated and the Jews deported to the Belzec and Auschwitz death camps. Of Polish Jews who were exterminated. The boy Yitzhak was deported with many of his city’s Jews to Galicia. He was taken from his parents and conscripted to forced labor, transferred from camp to camp and saved by virtue of his strong body structure: one of the executioners of the SS. Appointed him to take care of his pigs and his dogs, and that was why he remained alive. He was recently interned in a detention camp in the Czech Republic, where he was liberated by the Russians. When Yitzhak returned to Poland, he realized that all his family had been exterminated. He began the Bericha route and underwent many hardships on his way to Palestine. In the DP camps where he sat, waiting for his turn to immigrate to Israel, he quickly volunteered for any service for the public. He stood out everywhere as a sportsman, especially as a footballer. On July 31, 1946, he boarded the illegal immigrant ship Katriel Yaffe in the port of Boca di Magra, Italy. The ship, organized by the Mossad Le – Aliyah Bet of the Haganah, carried 604 Ma’apilim – survivors from the Polish camps. Two weeks later, a “Yaffa Katriel” was caught in the middle of the sea by British naval vessels and towed to the Haifa Bay, where it was placed under arrest. At night the ship’s captain managed to get over the British guards, cut off the anchor chain, and the ship drifted toward Kiryat Haim, but a British tow truck followed and caught her. After a violent struggle, during which the immigrants discovered strong resistance, the British took over the ship. The “Katriel Yaffe” immigrants were transferred to a deportation ship and were among the first to be deported to detention camps in Cyprus. It was not until the end of 1947, after more than a year in detention, that Yitzhak arrived in Palestine. When he arrived he settled in Petach Tikvah, but managed to sit in peace for only a few weeks – with the worsening of the security situation in Israel he joined the Palmach and was assigned to the 3rd Battalion of the Yiftah Brigade, the 11th Brigade in the Hagana. In the Battle of Nebi Yosha, the police fortress at Nebi Yusha in the Lev of the Naftali Mountains (now Metzudat Koach, the fortress of Yesha) controlled the intersection of the northern road between Ramot Naftali and Menara and the Hula Valley. The northern border against the infiltration of Arab gangs from Lebanon to the Galilee In mid-April 1948, the British handed over the police to me Due to the fear that the fortress would serve as a base for the invasion armies and block the roads to the settlements of the Naftali Mountains, the Haganah headquarters decided to occupy the area.Four fighters fell in battle. The Arabs, encouraged by the achievement, will strengthen their forces in the police force. Shortly after the first attack, Yiftah’s fighters attacked the fort again. On the night of the eleventh of Nissan, 5708 (April 20, 1948), the unit’s terrorists broke through the fences, approached the building, and began putting down the explosives. In the process, grenades were thrown at them, causing casualties. The evacuation of the casualties delayed the explosion, and in the meantime, additional fighters were injured, including the terrorists, and the bomb was not activated. At dawn, orders were given to withdraw. The withdrawal was carried out while fighting with considerable enemy forces that were called to the scene, and many Israelis were injured. More than twenty Yiftach fighters fell in this battle, and Yitzhak among them. Yitzhak was twenty-five years old when he fell. His body was discovered only a month later, when he was brought to rest in the cemetery in Nebi Yosha. In mid-May 1948, the fortress was conquered by the fighters of the “Yiftach” Brigade. The number of those killed in the battles reached 28, hence the current name – Metzudat Koach. The building remained in the hands of the brigade and became one of the most important bases in the defense of the northern border at all stages of the battle in the region. This hero is a “last scion”. The survivors of the Holocaust are survivors of the Holocaust who survived the last remnant of their nuclear family (parents, brothers, sisters, sons and daughters) who experienced the Holocaust in the ghettos and / or concentration camps and / or in hiding and hiding in territories occupied by the Nazis and / Or in combat alongside members of the underground movements or partisans in the Nazi-occupied territories who immigrated to Israel during or after World War II, wore uniforms and fell in the Israeli army.

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